Photo 2, Q4, Week 2; (April 24-28)
4th Quarter Notes; to be collected daily, 10 Points a day
Notes of Monday 4-18
Montage; the process and result of making a composite photograph or artwork by cutting and joining a number of other photographs
2-coat rubber cement; Contact adhesives are types of glue which, when dry, will stick on contact with another surface with the same glue. Rubber cement
is in this category.
slip sheet; Used to position artwork while mounting to a glued surface.
dont copy the link but see more here if interested:
burnish; to rub (a material) with a tool for compacting or smoothing.
Tues; 4-19-16 copy all
Photomontage is a kind of collage that is composed primarily of photographs or fragments of photographs in order to direct the viewer's mind toward specific connections. These photographs are glued on a surface.
First montage ever see below: Oscar Gustave Rejlander was a Victorian art photographer. In 1857 he made his best known work, “The Two Ways of Life”.:
it took him 32 images, and six weeks to do! He used the same actors and actresses over and over in different photographs to produce this. The photographer in 1857 did not actually cut and paste, he burned and dodged multiple images all over his work photo paper.
Oscar Gustave Rejlander (1813-1875) was part of a generation of radical, young photographers working in the 19th century. Rejlander was also an important pioneer of photomontage, a technique that was later embraced by artists as well as photographers. Photomontage has been used by some of the most influential artists of the 20th century. It is a stylistic element that has been utilized by movements that include the Russian avant-garde, Cubism, Futurism, Surrealism, Pop Art, and that continues to be popular among many contemporary artists.The Two Ways of Life is an early photomontage of thirty prints, based on Raphael’s School of Athens (1510-11), an allegory of vice and virtue. Typically Victorian, Rejlander’s work shows two apprentices choosing opposite paths in life: a path of immediate pleasure and sin contrasted to a path of education, trade and charity. The work will be shown together with a slideshow of photomontages created by other artists during the course of the 20th century.The use of such a new technique to present a serious morale subject was highly unusual and innovative for this period. The work was even branded ‘unbearable’ for its expressiveness when exhibited in 1858, and partially covered with a cloth. It was also presented in a large-scale format, more frequently used for allegorical painting, and even purchased for the Royal Collection. In this way, its status was raised to that of a work of art rather than simply a scientific process of documentation.Rejlander’s The Two Ways of Life, his composite and constructed photography techniques, and use of photomontage continue to influence contemporary photography today. This form of working was particularly popular with artists active throughout the 1990s, including David Hockney, Jeff Wall, Calum Colvin, Gregory Crewdson, Scott MacFarland, Hannah Starkey and Clare Strand.
Queen Victoria bought one of the few copies he had!
This inventive idea made photography more of an ART FORM than it was believed to be at that time! People really only used photography for documenting what things looked like, they didn't think of photography as "art". (copy all)
Silhouette: Silhouette images may be created in any visual artistic media,but was first used to describe pieces of cut paper, which were then stuck to a backing in a contrasting color, and often framed…draw one of these silhouettes:
Copy all: In photography, Silhouettes are formed when the backgrounds are bright and the light on the subject is low.
Sometimes the camera thinks the scene is bright and closes the aperture!!!!, This makes the main subject fall into darkness, creating an accidental silhouette; Examples of accidental silhouettes happening can often be seen when photographing people at a sunny window or people in the snow on a sunny day, or any other place where the the subject is backlit (lit with light from behind).
(not notes: Try Doing this with a willing person and your phone camera, place the person in front of a bright window. Iphones, like cameras that adjust, adjust to the light and will over compensate for the brightness by letting in less light, so the person will be in silhouette. We did this in class, try it yourself.
We will learn how to silhouette in Photoshop and create a digital montage in quarter 4!
4-21-16; 4th Quarter Notes; to be collected 10 Points
Copy this: A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera or film by placing objects directly onto the surface of a light-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light.
The usual result is a negative shadow image that shows variations in tone that depends upon the transparency of the objects used. Areas of the paper that have received no light appear white; those exposed through transparent or semi-transparent objects appear grey.
The technique is sometimes called cameraless photography. It was used by Man Ray in his exploration of rayographs (he named his photograms after himself) Other artists who have experimented with the technique include László Moholy-Nagy, Christian Schad (who called them "Schadographs"), Imogen Cunningham andPablo Picasso. Variations of the technique have also been used for scientific purposes.
ACTIVITY: TODAY WE WILL MAKE A PHOTOGRAM. PHOTOGRAMS WILL BE MOUNTED FOR THE ART SHOW AND ADDED INTO OUR MONTAGES TO PERSONALIZE THEM! BRING IN A SMALL INTERESTINGLY SHAPED OBJECT TO CREATE YOUR OWN PHOTOGRAM.
Read about ManRay and his photograms here: