Day 6-10: There is a baseline test Monday 2-3-17, then a packet reading: Click on the download button above to access the PacketReading: Safety and Culture of the Darkroom Answer these questions on the back of the handout: 1) After reading the article, based on your experiences, make 6 rules that you would like to see posted in the Darkroom 2) Then, make 3 rules you would like to see posted at the film developing station Itinerary: As we move on to new projects we will learn new techniques and styles to use in our photos. One of the things we must learn simultaneously is the rules of good composition, how to arrange the photographic elements so it looks it's best!
Film due for Quarter 3: The Theme for your first roll of film for Quarter 3 will be called "Using the Rules of Good Composition" whereas you must identify on a worksheet one major rule of good composition that you followed for each photograph of the 24 on the roll of film. If the picture don't come out and we cannot see the images, it does not count and you must shoot it over. The Theme for the second roll of film will be posted soon...
Day 7: Tues 2-7-17 Compositional Rules... We will watch the video below: 9 Photo Composition Tips, As Seen in Photographs by Steve McCurry: your first Roll of film for Photo 2, Q3, is Due Feb 17th - Your Theme will be:Composition: every photo must follow one of the rules of composition.
Day 8: Photograms: History and Technique: powerpoint to come, with notes.
Day 7-10 NOTES and websites with photo examples:
In the Rule of thirds, photos are divided into thirds with two imaginary lines vertically and two lines horizontally making three columns, three rows --then, Important compositional elements (and leading lines) are placed on (or very near) the imaginary lines and where the lines intersect.
Main focal point: the most important place in a photograph that the viewers eye goes to.
Rule of Leaving Space in Front: Leave space in front of your subject: Also called the "Active Space Rule" This rule incorporates two very similar ideas: breathing room and implied movement. “implied motion” means that if your subject is in motion you need to give it some space that it can move into.This rule states that if the subject is not looking directly to the camera, or looks out of the frame, there should be enough space for the subject to look into. This technique creates intrigue in the minds of the viewers. Moreover, studies show that people viewing this kind of image will naturally look at the area where the subject is looking at. When you break this rule, you would be following the next rule:
Rule of leaving space behind the subject: http://digital-photography-school.com/leaving-space-behind-moving-subjects-composition/
the Rule of Triangles will make a creative photograph! So long as you have 3 points of vague interest in a photo that aren’t on the same line, then you can easily create a triangle. It’s not about having 3 clear lines that join up in a photo, that would be too obvious, it’s about grouping points of interestinto 3.
The Rule of LEADING LINES: When we look at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey "through" the scene. There are many different types of line - straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc. - and each can be used to enhance our photo's composition. Go to this web site to see the Rule of Leading Lines and more: http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules
Rule of Filling the Frame; close up photos that crop into the object fill the frame; •Filling the frame, of course, is different than crowding the frame. The “fill the frame” rule simply means that you’re looking for distracting background elements and cropping them out whenever you can. Or put another way, decide how important your subject is and then give him/her a ratio of the frame that is directly related to his/her importance to the shot.
Rule of Simple Backgrounds: Simple images tend to be more appealing than complicated ones. Ask yourself this question: does that element add to my composition? If it doesn’t, get rid of it. You can do this by recomposing so that the element is no longer in the frame, zooming in on your subject, using a wider aperture for a shallow depth of field, or simply cropping the image later in post processing. Why or when would a simple Background be a good thing? Use a simple background when you want your photo to emphasize one main idea! How could you get a simple background if the background is cluttered? You can achieve a simple background by… 1) Moving your viewpoint 2)Moving your subject 3)Getting Closer 4)Being aware of the background in the first place Rule of Using Patterns: Pattern can be very visually compelling because it suggests harmony and rhythm, and things that are harmonious and rhythmic make us feel a sense or order or peace. Pattern can become even more compelling when you break the rhythm – then the eye has a specific focal point to fall upon, followed by a return to that harmonic rhythm.
Rule of Odds:the rule of odds is somewhat related to the rule of thirds. The eye tends to be more comfortable with images that contain an odd number of elements rather than an even number.
Conclusion:Composition is the way that elements are arranged in an image. Composition includes all the elements in a photo, not just the primary subject.The human eye tends to prefer images that have a certain sense of order, while it tends to reject images that are chaotic. That’s the basic difference between good composition and poor composition.
Homework Assignment: first Roll of film for Photo 2, Q3 Due Feb 17th Theme: Composition: every photo shot must follow one of the rules of composition, you may use any number of the rules but you must be able to identify which ones you used on a worksheet. (A developed but blank roll of film does not count toward your grade just because you developed it, these rolls now must actually come out--the exposures must work.)